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You have the right to earn an honest living.

But often, entrepreneurs face burdensome, arbitrary and anti-competitive laws that make it difficult, if not impossible, to earn an honest living in the occupation of their choosing. If you are an entrepreneur struggling…. Natural hair braiding is a beauty practice popular among many African, African-American and immigrant communities in the United States.

But braiders in many states have to endure hundreds of hours of unnecessary coursework and pay thousands of dollars before they can legally work. Street food, long a part of American life, has boomed in popularity in recent years. Yet an idea persists that food from trucks and sidewalk carts is unclean and unsafe.

Street Eats, Safe Eats tests that common, but unsubstantiated claim by reviewing more than , food-safety inspection reports from seven large American cities. In each…. Every person who goes into court deserves a sincere, impartial judge.

Barriers to Entrepreneurship: How Government Undermines Economic Opportunity

What civil rights plaintiffs often get instead is a judge who wears the garb of a referee while actively playing defense for the home team. Florida legislators can make Florida more business friendly by repealing 12 anticompetitive, senseless and arbitrary laws that hold back entrepreneurs. One of the significant challenges facing licensing professionals is striking the most effective, efficient and just balance between regulation of occupations and preserving occupational practice free from unnecessary government restrictions.

As discussed in greater detail below, there are at least two reasons—legal and economic—why finding such a balance is important. The first—legal—grows out of the…. The Constitution was designed to limit government power and protect individuals from the tyranny of majorities and interest-group politics. All too often, instead of judging the constitutionality of government action, courts simply rationalize….

In this Article, we question neither the desirability of creating transparency in the ties between candidates and their contributors, nor the efficacy of disclosure regulations in affecting this end. This is despite the fact that several recent studies cast doubt on the extent to which state campaign finance laws reduce either corruption or the appearance…. As the teeth-whitening industry has exploded in recent years, so too has the push for laws and regulations that enable licensed dentists and hygienists to capture a greater share of that market by banning anyone else from offering teeth-whitening services.

This study investigates this expansion of dental licensing as a form of economic protectionism, where…. But a Institute for Justice lawsuit forced some agencies to begin filing reports, and a new requirement that agencies post these reports online…. In the upside-down world of civil forfeiture, police and prosecutors can seize and keep cash and property that was allegedly involved in criminal activity—without ever proving a crime was actually committed.

Unlike criminal forfeiture, with civil forfeiture a property owner need not be found guilty of a…. In order to foster the conditions that will let food trucks thrive, this report offers recommendations based on the legislative best practices of Los Angeles and other cities.

Justice Brennan Memorials | Brennan Center for Justice

License to Work: A National Study of Burdens from Occupational Licensing is the first national study to measure how burdensome occupational licensing laws are for lower-income workers and aspiring entrepreneurs. The report documents the license requirements for low- and moderate-income occupations—such as barber, massage therapist and preschool teacher—across all 50 states and the District…. This study examines hypothesized benefits associated with occupational licensing in one long-regulated industry in Louisiana—floristry—in order to determine to what extent licensing results in theorized benefits that might justify the costs associated with licensure systems.

Results indicate the regulation appears not to result in a statistically significant difference in quality of product.

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Moreover, floristjudges, whether…. Moreover, florist-judges, whether…. The authors study areas where local governments plan to acquire property via eminent domain and convey that property to other private owners. Scholarship tax credits would expand educational opportunities for Idaho families, building on long-standing state policies encouraging private investments in education, as well as successful school choice programs in other states. In this report, Director of Strategic Research Dick Carpenter responds to commentary on his article about the effects of eminent domain on poor and minority communities.

Comment on Carpenter and Ross : Eminent domain and equity—A reply. Urban Studies, 48 16 , Click here to read the full report. Civil forfeiture is the government power to take property suspected of involvement in a crime. Unlike criminal forfeiture—used to take the ill-gotten gains…. Publicly disclosing contributions to ballot issue campaigns does little to help voters make better choices—and instead imposes substantial costs on people wishing to participate in politics.

Galassini v. Town of Fountain Hills--Preliminary-injunction ruling

Despite this explosion of political power, commentators and scholars of all ideological stripes appear to worry more about the supposed growth of judicial power. Those who…. Street vending is, and always has been, a part of the American economy and a fixture of urban life. Thanks to low start-up costs, the trade has offered countless entrepreneurs—particularly immigrants and others with little income or capital—opportunities for self-sufficiency and upward mobility.

At the same time, vendors enrich their communities by providing access to…. In November , as part of the Cooperative Congressional Election Study National Survey, the Institute for Justice asked a random sample of 1, participants nationwide whether they support various features of modern civil forfeiture laws. The results reported below show that the public overwhelmingly favors reform that would extend greater protections to property owners and…. Can occupational titles mislead the public? Should the use of titles be regulated to protect against such a possibility? Traditionally, occupational regulation is conceptualized as a restriction on the practice of an occupation through licensure, often called market shelters Freidson a; b; Timmermans, Another less-discussed form of regulation includes titling laws, where the practice….

This study examines the effects of entrepreneurship through qualitative case study methods.

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It examines the life and work of a single small-business entrepreneur in Tupelo, MS to discern how she affects her community both economically and non-economically. Results from the interviews, observations, and document analysis reveal the entrepreneur, an African American hairbraider, role-models entrepreneurship to…. Georgia has some of the worst civil forfeiture laws in the country. But at least state law requires law enforcement to publicly report annual forfeiture proceeds and expenditures.

Public reporting ought to help check abuse and prevent forfeiture funds from becoming off-the-books slush funds. Unfortunately, Forfeiting Accountability, like an earlier state audit, finds that these…. And the law makes it so hard for owners to fight for the return of their property that many give up without even trying. As Forfeiting Justice shows, Texas law enforcement agencies have increasingly….

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This report examines government-created barriers in industries that have traditionally provided a better way of life for the economically disenfranchised. This report focuses on the areas Houston needs to improve in order to remain an opportunity city for all. Los Angeles entrepreneurs are being strangled by red tape, which makes it difficult, if not impossible, for entrepreneurs to earn an honest living in the City of Angels. Many Miami entrepreneurs are subject to occupation- or industry-specific regulations, which can take years of arbitrary education and cost thousands of dollars.

Small business owners also must comply with paperwork and red tape that is complicated, expensive and time-consuming. This study examines grassroots entrepreneurship in Newark and offers practical recommendations on how the city, which has become synonymous with urban dysfunction, could reform its laws and practices to encourage more small businesses to operate in its city.

Rather than pursuing their dreams, too many residents in Washington, D. This report chronicles the ways in which the city of Milwaukee and the state of Wisconsin make life difficult for small businesses, which threatens both entrepreneurship and the American Dream. Campaign-finance laws protect political insiders by making it harder for upstart citizen groups to form and bring new voices to public debate.

After the U. Opponents of restrictions predicted dire consequences for state and local economies. This study considers whether restricting the use of eminent domain…. The best available evidence suggests that funding political campaigns with public dollars does little to reduce special interest influence, encourage competitive races or boost political participation. Funeral home and cemetery owner Kim Powers Bridges battled bureaucrats in her home state of Oklahoma where she wanted to sell caskets online. Unsuccessful in that fight, she grew a brick-and-mortar business in Tennessee and now has holdings in nine states.

High-tech Dallas entrepreneur Thane Hayhurst helps businesses across Texas keep their computers running at peak efficiency, but he was threatened to be put out of business under a law that effectively requires anyone who conducts computer repair to become a licensed private investigator.

New York City commuter van owner Hector Ricketts battled the politically powerful and heavily subsidized public buses for years. He joined with IJ to fight for his First Amendment rights and, in the process, secured a precedent that has since freed other businesses to advertise.

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An African hair braider from Tupelo, Miss. On June 23, , the U. Supreme Court, in a decision called Kelo v. City of New London,[1] ruled that private economic development is a public use under the Fifth Amendment to the U. In the previous article, Dr.

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  • Horne Keller, that struck down two voucher programs for students with special needs—one for children with disabilities and the other for children in foster care. Harmon believes my constitutional analysis is in error because…. Grassroots lobbying—encouraging citizens to contact public officials in order to affect public policy—is quintessential representative democracy in action.

    However, as this report documents, sweeping lobbying laws in 36 states threaten to strangle grassroots movements in red tape and bureaucratic regulation. Such common activities as publishing an open letter, organizing a demonstration or distributing flyers can…. School choice is the civil rights issue of the twenty-first century. In the Information Age, knowledge is not just power—it is destiny.

    Around the country, hundreds…. Civil forfeiture laws represent one of the most serious assaults on private property rights in the nation today. Under civil forfeiture, police and prosecutors can seize your car or other property, sell it and use the proceeds to fund agency budgets—all without so much as charging you with a crime. Unlike criminal forfeiture, where property…. Before there were Tea Parties, there was Kelo. Her loss of her property was the final straw for Americans in When they heard about the Kelo decision, homeowners and small businesses across this country refused to accept the idea that a well-connected developer could turn city hall….

    For more than a decade, Monique Chauvin has owned and operated one of the most popular and recognized floral shops in all of New Orleans. The Fourteenth Amendment represents a deliberate decision by the people of this nation to make the U. Constitution—not state constitutions and not state officials— the primary guardian of liberty in America.